A course in Cape Town, South Africa.
The Program aims to provide students with a comprehensive and objective-oriented (maqasidi) methodology (manhajiyyah) to contemporary Islamic law (fiqh). First, fiqh is defined as Islam’s ethical system in all aspects of life; going beyond the traditional chapters on the “acts of worship” (ibadaat) to include contemporary fiqh on issues related to medicine, economics, arts, politics, family, environment, international relations, etc. Then, Islam’s revealed knowledge, i.e. the Quran and Sunnah, takes a central position in the fiqhi methodology taught in this module, and the relationship between the Quran and the narrations of the Sunnah is explained in the context of the fundamental theories (usul) of reasoning (ijtihad). And after surveying the history of the traditional schools of fiqh since the era of the companions of the Prophet (s), the module covers and compares various contemporary schools and trends. A number of case studies are presented related to human rights (huquq al-insan), Islamic law for minorities (fiqh al-aqalliyat), family law (fiqh al-usrah), charity endowments (fiqh al-waqf), priorities in the Islamic law (fiqh al-awlawiyyat) and universal laws of God (fiqh al-sunan al-ilahiyyah).